Knowledge Of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
CBT is a method used to treat mental illnesses and addiction by addressing negative thoughts and feelings.
Cognitive behavioural therapy, or CBT, is a method of psychological and psychiatric counselling invented by Dr. AAron T. Beck in the 1960s.
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Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses the problem areas of thoughts and behaviour resulting from drug addiction.
Cognitive-Behavioural therapy is presently in use during the treatment of addictions. CBT educates recovering addicts to establish connections between their thoughts, feelings and actions and to increase awareness about how these matters can have an impact on recovery.
Some addiction patients also have other issues concurrently occurring with the addiction problems like
- State of panic
- Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
- Bipolar disorder
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Eating disorders
- PTSD or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
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How Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Helps
CBT recognizes that many behaviours and feeling are dangerous and make no sense. Such feelings and behaviours may be caused by either environmental effect or experiences from the past.
Cognitive behavioural therapists work with patients to identify potentially thoughts that lead to self-destructive or unhealthy behaviours. Involuntary ideas from a sudden urge and frequently emanates from a mistaken belief and a subconscious way of thinking based on low esteem and fear. It has been observed that many people look forward to be self-medicating themselves to overcome the painful thoughts and feelings with the help of alcohol or by abusing substances.
A person can stop their over dependency on drugs if they identify the thoughts and emotions that lead them to abuse drugs or behaviour in a certain way.
Facing these sensitive areas often leads a patient to get over the acute pain they cause. The positive behaviours that are learnt through CBT can thereafter be used instead of using drugs or alcohol.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Treatment For Addiction
It is Automatic negative thoughts that are often the major cause of various depressions and anxiety disorders, which commonly occur together with addiction.
What this says is dark thoughts have a higher possibility of making a person start abusing substances.
How to identify what brings on the urge for the drug or alcohol on a day to day basis. There are a couple of ways that these triggers can be prevented from causing relapse.
Alcoholism And Other Drugs Can Be Eliminated By Cbt Including
- Helping them dismiss misconceived notions and insecurities that have possibly led to substance abuse.
- Using techniques that are bound to help the patient up boost moral.
- Training people how to speak up about their feelings to others.
Skills For Managing Triggers
- Know the things that create an urge to use drugs or alcohol.
- Avoid The Triggers
- Abstract oneself from trigger situations whenever it's possible.
- Deal With Them (Cope)
- The emotions and thoughts that lead to the abuse of substances can be elevated by using the techniques provided by CBT.
Patients can well practice CBT techniques even at the places other than the therapist's office. Recovering addicts do not need to visit a specialist for advice but can indulge in several CBT exercises by themselves either from home or in a group setting.
SMART and other such like Addiction Support groups employ the CBT techniques to help their members remain sober.
Techniques Applied In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Therapists that practice CBT use special exercises to facilitate addiction recovery.
Examples of CBT techniques which are generally utilised in the treatment of addictions include the following
- Thought Records
- One way to overcome these behaviour is keeping in check your thoughts in order to avoid negative thinking.
- For comparison purposes, you can even list the proof for and against these negative thoughts.
- The objective is to assist them to think in a balanced manner and critically evaluate their thoughts to feel constructive about themselves.
For example, a person may think that a supervisor at work doesn't think highly of them. I need to have a drink to feel better' becomes 'it's normal to commit mistakes, and I can learn from the example. I will have a chance to prove my worth to my supervisor by rectifying my mistake. I feel so much better with a clear mind; I can do without a drink."
- Behavioural Experiments
- These exercises are helpful in contrasting negative thoughts with the positive ones to understand which one is better effective for changing behaviour.
- It is well-known that some people respond better to self-kindness while others could display better responses to self-criticism.
- The whole point of behavioural experiments is in finding out what works best for the particular individual.
For example "If I am harsh to myself after drinking to excess, I'll drink less" vs. "If I am kind to myself after drinking to excess, I will drink less."
- Imagery Based Exposure
- This exercise requires recovering addicts to think about a memory that can instigate powerful negative feelings.
- This will involve assessing all the features such as feelings and the responses they had to that particular feeling.
- Frequently by visiting the painful memories a recovering addict can reduce the anxiety caused by the memories over a period of time.
Example A young guy focuses on some painful experience from his childhood. He presently recalls every detail and emotion of the particular moment. The more he replays it in his mind, the less painful it is and this leads to a lower need to indulge in alcohol and drugs as a way of self medication.
- Comfortable Activity Plan
- This is a technique that is executed by drawing up a schedule of fun yet healthy activities to provide recreation and breaks from the everyday routine.
- These are activities that are designed to elicit positive feelings and are usually easy to do.
- Preparing these lovely exercises assists to low negative involuntary feelings and the ensuing desire to drink or abuse drugs.
Example In the place of drinking or indulging in drugs while working, a worn-out financial advisor unwinds at his desk for quarter an hour daily. Instead, the break is used to listen to a recently released song from a new music sensation.
The Difference Between Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Other Psychotherapies
As compared to some therapies which do not offer a set of engaging activities, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy will provide an hands-on alternative.
Addicts in treatment are expected to go beyond just talking to the therapist during the CBT sitting and the therapist is not just a passive listener. The therapist and addict are instead expected to treat the addiction by working hand in hand.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy applies fruitful, action-focused techniques aimed at quick result. CBT has become a standard part of many long term rehab programs since they provide the patients with ways of coping.
It has been observed that some techniques of psychotherapy can take many years before a strong impact is seen. In most cases, 16 sessions of CBT will yield tangible results.
Cognitive behavioural therapy techniques are also very flexible, which makes them well usable for treatment both in a clinic and on outpatient basis, and CBT can be applied both during individual counselling and in groups. CBT is a regular part of the treatment program as far as many rehab centres and addiction specialists are concerned.