A lot of efficient addiction treatment programs need the use of other drugs to help withdrawal side effects and decrease the chance of relapse. Staying sober can be much easier for a recovering addict with the help of medication. Some people striving to quit drugs or alcohol relapse since they cannot deal with withdrawal side effects. Medicines for addiction medical care can be prescribed as a segment of an inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation program. To give the patient the best chance of recovering, a doctor may adjust the dosage of the medication gradually during the treatment.
Relief of withdrawal can be found in other drugs that mimic the effects of the drug they are addicted to.
Drug Withdrawal And Detoxification
The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This process is known as detox or cleansing Depending on the drug in question, the detoxification period may be as long as several weeks or just a few days.
The detox period is made difficult by the withdrawal symptoms that result from denying the body the drug it has become accustomed to. The harshness of withdrawal effects changes depending on past drug use. The worst symptoms will be felt by those who have been taking high doses of the drug for a long duration.
There is a myriad of those symptoms that recovering addicts experience. Some of these are:
Sickness or feeling sick
Each type of a withdrawal symptom has a different treatment medicine. The medicines which are given by doctors in detox are:
Anxiousness and irritability are usually treated using these drugs.
Anxiety is a prevalent withdrawal side effect from a lot of Opiates, such as Cocaine and Heroin.
The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
Due to the addictive nature of Benzodiazepines, doctors tend to be cautious when prescribing them.
An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
It is common with the people in detox to feel depressed as they have been using drugs for a much longer period to keep themselves happy.
To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
For relief of sweating, aching muscles, cramps and paranoia in alcohol and opiate withdrawal Clonidine is used.
Clonidine is useful for controlling shivering and convulsions.
People recovering from alcohol, Valium or Xanax addiction should never try to quit on their own since detoxing from alcohol or benzodiazepines can lead to death. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. Detox should be carried out with medical help from professionals.
Get in touch with an addiction specialist if you know someone who is struggling with addiction.
Making wrong use of alcohol on a normal basis for a long-term can extend withdrawal side effects, which could last from weeks to months. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. In most cases the patient has to take these drugs every day and they come in form of pills.
For liquor addiction these medicines are included:
Naltrexone (Vivitrol) stops the brain from producing pleasure chemicals in reaction to alcohol intake.
In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
Naltrexone might provoke some sickness in stomach or headaches.
Naltrexone is administered every four weeks via injection.
Alcoholism can produce side effects such as emotional and physical distress and Acamprosate can relieve these.
Recovering alcoholics may begin taking Acamprosate once the detoxification is completed.
Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
Among the drugs approved for treating alcoholism Disulfiram was the first one.
Disulfiram can result into some side effects of vomiting and sickness if anyone takes Disulfiram drinks.
It was hoped that the fact that taking alcohol would make them sick would prevent the recovering addicts from drinking.
Get more information about medical help for alcohol addiction.
Heroin And Opiate Medications
Some examples of opiates are Heroin and Morphine, and an example of narcotic painkillers is Oxycontin. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.
There withdrawal times are less than a week. There are also many who take long before overcoming the symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms can last for months or even years for some people. Extended replacement medicines can put an end to strong desires and PAWS. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.
For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines:
An Opioid, Methadone is used to help with detoxification from opiate drug dependencies.
Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
The urges to take drugs are contained, and withdrawal symptoms avoided.
Because Methadone also has the capacity to cause addiction, it is usually prescribed cautiously.
Methadone clinics manage the drug on daily routine to avoid abuse.
More About Methadone.
Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
Those on Buprenorphine are allowed to take their prescription home instead of visiting the treatment centre daily.
The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
It puts an end to cravings.
Some of the brain receptors activated by alcohol and opiates are the same and this is why this drug works for both addictions.
Medical Detox And Rehab
It is possible to detox at home. Choosing detox on your own is not only difficult but also more hazardous than detoxing with physician. A safe and comfortable location such as a rehab centre is the best way to gain sobriety. Medical detox is compulsory for those who are addicts of liquor or benzos.
For addicts to gain the control they want, detox is needed.
Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. Doctors and other medical staff are available to monitor the patient's vital signs. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. In addition, they adapt any medicine dosages depending on the patient's requirements and durable programs for medication.
The ones with different health problems should also look for a medical detoxification. Blood pressure can be problematic during detox. A doctor may avoid any problems.
Treatment centres offering inpatient treatment often include detox in the program. A person typically requires one to three months to go through detox. In treatment, the first week usually involves detoxification during which the patient must be closely monitored. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.
Get a treatment centre with medically supervised detoxification if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction call 0800 772 3971.